Guide to publish an aar to maven using gradle


How to create an android library in aar and add it to the repository

Topics covered

Android studio - Gradle

How to create aar

Maven central repository

Tutorial on publish aar

Do you want to create an aar library to make other android developers use it? This post describes the steps necessary to publish an aar to maven repository. This guide describes step by step all the necessary infomration from the beginning to the end.


To publish an aar to maven central you need:
  1. Register an account and create a new ticket (
  2. Download (if you use OS X) GPGTools (
  3. Modify project gradle files
  4. Create signing key
  5. Build, sign and publish your files to the Staging repository
  6. Check the result
The step 1 is very easy and you can follow this official guide, please notice that before you get the permission to upload your files usually you have to wait for two business days after you opened your ticket.

Modify project gradle files

In order to publish your aar using gradle, you have to add/modify some gradle files and create some property file. All the information and files here are copied from here and here, and I will not explain them, because they are already well explained in these blogs. The first file, you have to add to the project root, is maven_push.gradle, that I write it here for simplicity:

apply plugin: 'maven'
apply plugin: 'signing'

def sonatypeRepositoryUrl
if (isReleaseBuild()) {
    println 'RELEASE BUILD
    sonatypeRepositoryUrl = hasProperty('RELEASE_REPOSITORY_URL') ? RELEASE_REPOSITORY_URL
            : ""
} else {
    println 'SNAPSHOT BUILD'
    sonatypeRepositoryUrl = hasProperty('SNAPSHOT_REPOSITORY_URL') ? SNAPSHOT_REPOSITORY_URL
            : ""


def getRepositoryUsername() {
    return hasProperty('nexusUsername') ? nexusUsername : ""

def getRepositoryPassword() {
    return hasProperty('nexusPassword') ? nexusPassword : ""

afterEvaluate { project ->
    uploadArchives {
        repositories {
            mavenDeployer {
                beforeDeployment { MavenDeployment deployment -> signing.signPom(deployment) }

                pom.artifactId = POM_ARTIFACT_ID

                repository(url: sonatypeRepositoryUrl) {
                    authentication(userName: getRepositoryUsername(), password: getRepositoryPassword())

                pom.project {
                    name POM_NAME
                    packaging POM_PACKAGING
                    description POM_DESCRIPTION
                    url POM_URL

                    scm {
                        url POM_SCM_URL
                        connection POM_SCM_CONNECTION
                        developerConnection POM_SCM_DEV_CONNECTION

                    licenses {
                        license {
                            name POM_LICENCE_NAME
                            url POM_LICENCE_URL
                            distribution POM_LICENCE_DIST

                    developers {
                        developer {
                            id POM_DEVELOPER_ID
                            name POM_DEVELOPER_NAME

    signing {
        required { isReleaseBuild() && gradle.taskGraph.hasTask("uploadArchives") }
        sign configurations.archives

    task androidJavadocs(type: Javadoc) {
        source = android.sourceSets.main.allJava
        classpath += project.files(android.plugin.getRuntimeJarList().join(File.pathSeparator))

    task androidJavadocsJar(type: Jar, dependsOn: androidJavadocs) {
        classifier = 'javadoc'
        //basename = artifact_id
        from androidJavadocs.destinationDir

    task androidSourcesJar(type: Jar) {
        classifier = 'sources'
        //basename = artifact_id
        from android.sourceSets.main.allSource

    artifacts {
        //archives packageReleaseJar
        archives androidSourcesJar
        archives androidJavadocsJar

and then you have to add/modify
POM_DESCRIPTION=Android Weather Lib
POM_LICENCE_NAME=The Apache Software License, Version 2.0

Notice that at line 3 the group must be equal to the value used when you registered your project. Almost done! The last two steps are adding another file for each module you want to publish and modify build.gradle for the same module:
POM_NAME=Android Weather Library

and add at the end of build.gradle this line:
apply from: '../maven_push.gradle'

Create signing key

This is an important step, because your files must be signed before publish them to maven. In OS X you should download PGP Tools that simplify your life. The information here are derived from this link 'How to generate PGP Signatures With Manven'. The first step is creating your signing key running from command line:

gpg --gen-keys

the figure below shows all the steps necessary to create the key:

gpg gen keys

at the end you have your key to use to sign your artifacts. Now you can list the generated keys using:

gpg –list-keys

and the result is shown below:

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Now you have to publish your key so that other developers, that download your artifacts, can verify the signature:

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notice that the key id must be the same showed in the keys list.

Build, sign and publish your file to the Staging repository

Now you have the key and you can build and sign your artifacts. Before doing it you should add some information so the Android studio can find the right key to use. Following this blog post, we can add a properties file, called with this content:


In OS X, this file should be added under /Users/your_login. Notice that to fill the secretKeyRingFile value you can use:
gpg –list-secret-keys
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Now we can run the gradle task using the gradle console in Android studio:

%GRADLE_HOME%/bin/gradle uploadArchives

At the end, if every things worked correctly we get:

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Check the result

The last step is checking the final result to verify we published our files. Let’s open our browser and go to:

and start looking for your project following your package structure (i.e com/survivingwithandroid/weatherlib) and check if the files are there:

Now you can check the repository creating a new project in Android studio and add the dependency to the new aar you just published. Once you created your project you should modify build.gradle at the root project in this way:
allprojects {
repositories {
    maven {
        url ''

then in the build.gradle (at the module level) you add the new dependency:
compile 'com.survivingwithandroid:weatherlib:1.2-SNAPSHOT'

…if every things is correct the new project will compile.







  1. How do you create the signing key on Windows and where do you put your credentials for the Sonatype Repo?

  2. And how do you install it in your local maven repository ?

  3. If you're looking for a very easy way to publish your Android library then might be for you

  4. There's also a much simpler and easier way to publish your project: Basically it builds the project for you and exposes it as a Maven/Gradle dependency.


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